What are Bitcoin BRC-20 Tokens?

BRC-20 tokens are a type of digital asset that operates on the Bitcoin blockchain using the BRC-20 token standard. This standard was created by developer Casey Rodarmor as a way to allow for the issuance of custom tokens on the Bitcoin network. These tokens allow for the creation of new forms of digital assets that have a wide range of potential use cases.

The BRC-20 token standard is based on the popular Ethereum ERC-20 token standard, which has been widely adopted in the blockchain industry.  However, unlike ERC-20 tokens which operate on the Ethereum blockchain, BRC-20 tokens operate exclusively on the Bitcoin network.

The creation of BRC-20 tokens has opened up a whole new world of possibilities for crypto payment gateways and businesses looking to utilize the power and security of the Bitcoin blockchain. These tokens can be used for various purposes such as creating loyalty programs, facilitating payments, and even crowdfunding for new projects.

So, how do BRC-20 tokens work and what are they used for?

How Do BRC-20 Bitcoin Tokens Work?

BRC-20 tokens are created through JSON inscriptions on satoshis, the smallest unit of Bitcoin. These inscriptions define the core features and properties of the token, such as its name, supply, and transfer mechanisms.

Unlike smart contract tokens where conditions can be changed, BRC-20 token inscriptions are immutable once they are inscribed directly onto a satoshi. This means that the token’s properties cannot be altered by any third party, providing a high level of security and transparency.

BRC-20 tokens also inherit the security and decentralization of the Bitcoin network, making them less susceptible to hacks or fraud. They can be sent between peers just like any other cryptocurrency, allowing for easy transfer and exchange.

What Can BRC-20 Tokens Be Used For?

BRC-20 tokens have diverse applications and can be employed in various scenarios by leveraging the native properties of the Bitcoin network.

Decentralized Finance (DeFi) Applications

As decentralized finance (DeFi) continues to grow, BRC-20 tokens can play a crucial role in facilitating peer-to-peer transactions and enabling access to financial services for individuals worldwide. These tokens can also be used as collateral in DeFi lending platforms, opening up new opportunities for investors and borrowers.

E-commerce Platforms

BRC-20 tokens can also be utilized on e-commerce platforms as a means of payment, offering a fast and secure transaction method for buyers and sellers. They can also be used to create rewards and loyalty programs for customers, encouraging repeat business.


The creation of BRC-20 tokens has made it easier for businesses or startups to raise funds through crowdfunding campaigns. By issuing tokens to investors, businesses can offer a new and more accessible way for people to invest in their projects.

P2P Transfers

BRC-20 tokens can be used for peer-to-peer (P2P) transfers, allowing individuals to easily send and receive funds without needing a third-party intermediary. This provides greater financial freedom and empowerment for people in countries with limited access to traditional banking services.


Using the BRC-20 token standard, assets such as real estate, art, and even intellectual property can be tokenized on the Bitcoin network. This allows for fractional ownership and easy transfer of these assets without the need for intermediaries or high transaction fees.

Bitcoin BRC-20 Tokens vs. ERC-20 Tokens

While both BRC-20 and ERC-20 tokens follow a similar standard, there are some key differences between the two. The main difference is that BRC-20 tokens operate on the Bitcoin network while ERC-20 tokens run on the Ethereum network.

Also, BRC-20 tokens are created through inscriptions on satoshis using JSON, while ERC-20 tokens are created through smart contract code written in a language like Solidity. This means that BRC-20 tokens have immutability and security advantages. 

ERC-20 tokens have a wider range of use cases and are more widely supported by exchanges and wallets. Due to its trusted use over the years, Ethereum has a larger community and developer base, making it easier to find resources and support for ERC-20 tokens.

Final Thoughts

BRC-20 tokens offer a unique and powerful way to create custom digital assets on the Bitcoin blockchain. With their immutable properties and ability to leverage the security and decentralization of the Bitcoin network, these tokens can have a wide range of potential use cases in various industries. As more businesses and developers discover the benefits of BRC-20 tokens, we can expect to see even more innovation and growth in this space. 

Overall, BRC-20 tokens are an experiment with a lot of potential, but as with any new technology, there are still risks involved. It’s important to approach these tokens with caution and do thorough research before investing or utilizing them in any way.